• Ability to communicate with the patient and physician
• Ability to distinguish gray-scale artifacts and reflectors
• Ability to evaluate transducer integrity
• Ability to all types of resolution
• Ability to perform appropriate patient care
• Ability to recognize and measure anatomic structures
• Ability to select the appropriate transducer frequency for a given situation
• Adjust sample size (volume)
• Analyze clinical history and prior imaging studies 
• Proper doppler scale adjustment (spectral and color)
• Proper sample size (volume) adjustment (spectral and color)
• Coded excitation
• Color angle to flow
• Color gain
• Color maps
• Color packet size
• Color scale
• Continuous wave doppler
• Doppler scale
• Duty factor 
• Dynamic range, e.g. compression
• Edge enhancement
• Elastography imaging
• Extended field of view, e.g., panoramic imaging

• Focusing
• Frequency compounding
• Gray scale
• Harmonic imaging
• Imaging depth
• Imaging systems and storage
• M-mode
• Overall gain
• Persistence
• Power doppler imaging
• Pulse repetition frequency
• Pulsed wave doppler
• Spatial compounding
• Spectral doppler angle to flow
• Spectral doppler gain
• 1.5-dimensional array ultrasound transducers
• Curvilinear array ultrasound transducers
• Endocavity ultrasound transducers
• Linear array ultrasound transducers
• Nonimaging ultrasound transducers
• Sector ultrasound transducers (phased array)
• Three-dimensional/four-dimensional imaging
• Two-dimensional array ultrasound transducers
• Time gain compensation
• Wall filter

• Zoom
• Apply ergonomic techniques throughout the workday
• Apply generally accepted infection control precautions and disinfectant techniques
• Apply generally-accepted, infection control precautions and disinfectant techniques
• Appropriate documentation of findings
• Axial resolution
• Bioeffects and ALARA
• Color flow imaging
• Compound imaging
• Concepts related to color packet size
• Curvilinear ultrasound transducers
• Damage that contributes to degradation of image
• Demonstrate ability to perform accurate measurements
• Demonstrate appropriate patient care and communication skills
• Differentiate the various interactions of sound and matter
• Distinguish components of the transducer
• Doppler artifacts (spectral and color)
• Doppler controls and instrumentation (spectral and color)
• Doppler flow phantoms and tissue-mimicking phantoms
• Doppler reject (spectral and color)
• Duty factor
• Dynamic range
• Elevational resolution
• Evaluate and adjust transducer frequency based on the area being scanned
• Evaluate applicable uses of ultrasound contrast agents

• Evaluate spectral doppler waveforms
• Evaluate transducer integrity
• Extended field of view
• Frame rate
• Gold standards (e.g., sensitivity and specificity standards)
• Identify potential bioeffects
• Identify tissue doppler
• Imaging principles and instrumentation
• Instrumentation
• Instrumentation and controls
• Optimization of axial resolution
• Optimization of elevational resolution
• Optimization of lateral resolution
• Optimization of temporal resolution
• Lateral resolution
• Linear ultrasound transducers
• M-mode imaging
• Mechanical index
• Mechanical index and thermal index
• Modify output power following alara principles
• Modify technique based on reflectors
• Modify the exam based on color artifacts
• Modify the exam based on gray-scale artifacts
• Modify the exam based on spectral doppler artifacts
• Obtain measurements of blood flow velocities

• Parameters for measuring image accuracy
• Parameters for transducer element integrity tests
• Physical principles
• Proper measurement of blood flow velocities
• Pulse repetition frequency (spectral and color)
• Select a specific transducer type based on the area being scanned
• Sonography principles and instrumentation examination content outline
• Spectral doppler waveforms
• Sterile technique
• Storage systems and devices
• Temporal resolution
• The interaction between sound and matter (e.g., attenuation, reflection, refraction)
• Thermal index
• Tissue doppler
• Transducer components
• Ultrasound transducers, use and limitation
• Two-dimensional measurements
• Two-dimensional real-time, gray-scale imaging (b-mode)
• Ultrasound hybrid imaging
• Wall filter applications (spectral and color)
• When and how to communicate through a patient representative

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• Production of Sound Waves

• Interaction of Sound with Matter

• Doppler Techniques

• Hemodynamics

• Transducer Structure and Function

• Pulsed and Continuous Wave Techniques

• Information Processing Storage and Display

• 2D and Doppler Artifacts

• Quality Assurance

• Bioeffects

Content Covered

 

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